M for Milkweed

M for Milkweed

Milkweed, Asclepias, is an herbaceous perennial named for the milky liquid which contains latex and alkaloids.  There are many species of milkweed and some of them can be toxic.  Milkweed is an important source of nectar for bees and other insects and bugs.  It is the main food source for the Monarch butterflies.

We have a large wild area at the back of the garden where milkweed are encouraged to grow.  The plant can be up to 1.5 meters tall and does produce an amazing big underground root system.  It can be an invasive plant and is not recommended for the average sized garden.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Besides attracting bees and butterflies the blooms have a wonderful scent.  Flower clusters or umbrels start appearing in late spring.  They open to a light pinkish purple bloom.  The flower heads are edible, if you wish to try them and you can search for various recipes.  I only grow them for the scent and for attracting butterflies.

milkweedblooms1

After blooming a small green pod starts to develop.

milkweedpods3a

Just leave the blooms on the plant to dry right out.  These pods will get bigger as the season progresses.  In the Fall they start to dry out and split open to reveal lovely silky tassels with seeds attached.

milkweed seedpods6

When they are totally dry the wind will cause them to leave the pod and fly through the air, their personal flying machine, and they will float to a new location to hopefully grow the following year.  Plants that grow from seed will bloom in their second year.

There is a lot of discussion that the use of the weed killer Roundup has been linked with the decline in numbers of Monarch butterflies.

If you are lucky enough to have a wild area in your garden I hope you will consider encouraging the milkweed plant to grow there to help maintain the Monarch butterfly.

More macro photos of the milkweed pod and seeds is in a previous post I did.

Alphabetical posts

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

More from The Gardener Side

plants … seed info … veggies & herbs … bulbs, corms, tubers

the gardens  … whimsy in the garden … garden printables

Milkweed Pods

Milkweed Pods

The milkweed pods have been bursting open to release all the seeds.  I let these plants grow in a wild area of the garden to attract the Monarch butterflies.  Milkweed is an important source of nectar for bees and other insects.  It is the only food source for the Monarch butterflies.

milkweedpod1

When the pod splits open all the soft feathery fluff bursts out.  The common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca, can be invasive.  In some parts of Canada the milkweed is considered a harmful weed because it can spread quickly on farmland.

milkweedpod2

A seed is attached to each little puff of fluff, technically called a papus of silky hair.  The fluff acts like a helicopter and flies the seed through the air to a new spot where it might grow.

milkweed02a

The seeds are flat and a reddish brown colour.

milkweedpod3

More from The Gardener Side

plants … seed info … veggies & herbs … bulbs, corms, tubers

the gardens  … whimsy in the garden

SaveSave